The findings of the study were that student's hawkers have limited time to study, do their home works, and participate in class activities. Some student hawkers also performed poorly in their final year exams, play truant in school, attended school late and sometimes absent themselves on many occasions because of their hawking activities. The study also showed that majority of the students were hawking because their parents had no money and pocket money to buy food and such made them prefer hawking than to stay in school. The study recommended that a clarion call should be made to the government to legally prohibit student street hawking activity in Ghana. The various governments, philanthropic organizations and individuals are urged to embark on mass campaign to conscience the people as to the evils of street hawking.
Hawking is a trade activity mostly carried out on the street or roadside and usually an option for the poor since it requires minimal capital, use of own labour. It is mainly undertaken for basic survival. Decline in growth in industrial sector, contracting civil sector, economic recession and the institution of Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) among other factors have promoted the growth of hawking trade. In 2003, it contributed 13 per cent to Kenyas GDP and is still growing. The sector is though faced with numerous challenges in its operations such as conflicts and confrontations with the authorities, lack of recognition, eviction, unfavorable policies and regulatory frameworks, pavement use conflicts with pedestrians and formal businesses, lack of services and infrastructure among others. Previous efforts to manage and relocate the hawkers have not been successful as the hawkers have returned back to the streets. This book aims to find-out the nature of hawking trade, identify challenges and opportunities of practicing hawking, to examine policies, participatory and regulatory framework for integrating hawking in the CBD of Nairobi.
The main objective of this study was to find out the social, economic background and aspiration of Fan Ice Cream Hawkers in Cape Coast. Sixty hawkers were randomly selected and interviewed based on 31 questions. In addition to relevant literature reviewed the history of the Fan Milk company was looked at in Ghana. Data was presented using largely tables and analysis done descriptively. Hawking has a historical roots in the Ghanaian society but selling of Fan Ice Cream is a recent development. It is usually dominated by young males who are not married. The educational background of hawkers is very low and the same can be said of their parents. The hawkers largely engage in hawking for economic reasons and more importantly to save money to learn other trades. Most hawkers were living with their parents and have their full support to engage in the trade. Most of the hawkers are Christians and are indigenes (fantes) of Cape Coast. They face problems such as low commission, breakdown of bicycles and extreme hot weather.
High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Night markets in Taiwan are street markets in Taiwan that operate in urban or suburban areas. They are similar to those in areas inhabited by ethnic Chinese, such as Southeast Asia. A few such as Huaxi Street Tourist Night Market (or Snake Alley) utilize purpose-built marketplaces but most occupy either sidewalks (pavements) adjacent to streets or entire streets that are normal thoroughfares by day. Some night markets in smaller side streets or lanes feature retractable roofs. Most of the markets operate daily and feature a mixture of individual stalls hawking clothing, consumer goods, xiaochi (snacks or fast food, siaochi in Tongyong), and specialty drinks. The atmosphere is usually crowded and noisy with hawkers shouting and fast-paced music playing over loudspeakers.
An interesting study of street hawkers in the commercial centers in NDMC area of Delhi. An attempt has been made to suggest a planning framework to accommodate street hawkers in their present place of work rather than uprooting them without concern for their social networks as the prevalent approach of urban planners.A fine balance between the hawkers being considered to be a nuisance and a necessity by the residents of a city.